Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is the group of surgical procedures performed on the eye or its adnexa by a specialist in Opthalmology. .
The field of medicine that studies and treats diseases and conditions by the means of operative procedures is known are surgery. A procedure falls into the category of surgery when there involves the cutting of tissues or closure in earlier wounds on a patient. A surgical procedure usually requires a surgical team, a sterile environment, and the usage of anesthesia and antiseptic precautions. There are different methods of surgeries, including invasive and non-invasive procedures and even laser and radiosurgery. A surgical specialization usually involves the training of a candidate into the different aspects, and body parts that are involved (neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, cardiothoracic surgery) before finally involved in the study of a specific specialization. Ophthalmology is a field of medicine and surgery that studies the disorders and conditions of the eye. Eye surgery, also known as ocular surgery, is the group of surgical procedures performed on the eye or its adnexa by a specialist in Opthalmology. As the eye is a fragile organ, it requires care of the extreme kind, during, before, and after, a surgical procedure. An eye surgeon is the one who is responsible for selecting the appropriate diagnosis and advise and perform adequate surgical procedures for the patient and for taking the necessary safety precautions.
The course has a residency approach towards learning and the students are taught all basic surgical pieces of knowledge that are a prerequisite in studying the course. They cover topics such as basic sciences in Ophthalmology, the study extensively about lenses and glaucoma, there is a huge correlation between external damage and hence the study of trauma and emergency Ophthalmology is studied in detail, uvea and vitreoretinal diseases also studied. The disorders of the lids, lacrimal drainage apparatus, orbit, and oculoplastic are given major importance. The final aspects of the course cover topics such as disorders of the optic nerve, visual pathway Neuro-ophthalmology, external eye disease, sclera, , ocular motility, strabismus, pediatric ophthalmology, optics and refraction, contact lenses and low visual aids, and community ophthalmology. After completing ophthalmology courses such as the ones mentioned. The course studies surgical approaches and specific ophthalmology disciplines such as systemic ophthalmology, preventive ophthalmology, diseases of the nervous system that show ocular manifestations, genetic ophthalmology, it also studies the ocular manifestations of systemic disorders and the causes and prevention of blindness, it the covers the study of surgical instruments in ophthalmology, local anesthesia in ophthalmology, and lasers in ophthalmology.
The Master of Surgery or Doctor of Medicine - Opthalmology is a post-graduation, specialization course that is offered to students that have completed the medical certification degree from a recognized central or state board. The course has tremendous scope for job opportunities where the graduates can work as an attending physician or surgeon of ophthalmology in private or government hospitals or healthcare facilities. They can also take up consultant jobs in private eye clinics and research institutes. There are also job opportunities for the selection of officials and their care in sectors such as sports, armies, air forces, and the aviation industry. A graduate can also proceed to take up research jobs in various institutes over the world, where techniques and various conditions related to the eye are extensively researched and new treatment protocols, methodologies, and devices are discovered.