Tropical medicine is a multidisciplinary faction of medical practices that are involved with health concerns that happen indigenously.
Tropical medicine is a multidisciplinary faction of medical practices that are involved with health concerns that happen indigenously, are extensively widespread, or are more challenging to manage in the tropics and subtropics. Practitioners in this speciality diagnose and treat diverse conditions and illnesses. Most ailments they treat are native to the subtropics and tropics. Some of the commonly seen diseases are tuberculosis and malaria. They must be proficient in the less popular and neglected tropical illnesses, which comprise Chagas disease, dengue and rabies. Sir Patrick Manson is acknowledged as the father of tropical medicine. He is attributed with identifying the vector by which elephantiasis was being transferred to people. His research on identifying vectors as the medium of communication was crucial in establishing tropical medicine as a medical discipline and our current perception of many tropical illnesses. Bad living circumstances in developing tropical nations have driven a growing amount of non-contagious illnesses. These ailments comprise cardiovascular disorders and cancer which previously had been a huge problem in advanced countries. Practitioners qualified in tropical medicine need to be ready to diagnose and treat these diseases. They must study virology, parasitology, epidemiology, and statistics, as well as the education required of a normal MD. scholar on tropical conditions and how to manage them arises from both ground research and research stations, including those of the defense forces.
The Tropical Medicine MD course is intended to supply the nation with experts who are qualified to address the unusual requirements of subjects in tropical settings that may not be highlighted in general/ conventional medical coaching programs. MD -Tropical Medicine will present the perfect opportunity to attune the purposes of the post-graduate level education in general medicine to the health concerns of the nation. Doctor of Medicine in Tropical Medicine is useful to learn the value of the social, economic and cultural context of individuals and societies in the devising and execution of health assistance and illness regulation. Diagnose and treat subjects experiencing the major communicable and parasitic diseases of the tropics, recognize degrees of parasitic activity essential in the diagnosis of tropical ailments. It helps to identify the central varieties of insect vectors of illnesses and learn their role adequately to present regulatory techniques wisely. It would train and equip the scholar with the expertise and abilities required to approach these health care demands by judiciously employing the available resources. The pupil should also be equipped to recognise important sectors of health care concerns and implement scientific processes to determine relevant, reasonable, and economic resolutions to adhere to these health care requirements. Important subjects covered are haematology, paediatrics, endocrinology, dermatology, psychiatry, intensive medical care, thoracic medicine, coronary care, diabetology, radiology & nuclear medicine, cancer chemotherapy, general medical wards, rheumatology, cardiology, microbiology, neurology, nephrology, geriatrics, medical gastroenterology and community health management.
MD-Tropical Medicine is a 2/3 year full time course whose eligibility is an MBBS degree and a mandatory 1 year internship/house surgeoncy from any institution recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI). Some premier institutes also conduct entrance examinations for the same. Some of the employment areas for MD-Tropical Medicine practitioners are the Epidemiology Intelligence Service, World Health Organization (WHO), colleges & universities, government/private hospitals and self-private clinics as a general physician, consultant orthopaedic, ICU resident, lecturer/professor and medical advisor.