Immunohaematology is a part of transfusion medicine and haematology that researches antigen-antibody interactions and comparable events.
Immunohaematology is a part of transfusion medicine and haematology that researches antigen-antibody interactions and comparable events as they link to the pathogenesis and clinical indications of blood diseases. An immunohematologist’s functions comprise antibody identification, blood typing and cross-matching. Transfusion medicine is the faction of medical science that incorporates every feature of the transfusion of blood and blood elements including characteristics linked to unforeseen or unwanted consequences following the curative use of blood products. It covers concerns of immunohematology, blood donation, and lab testing for infections propagated through blood transfusion, supervision and control of clinical transfusion methods, therapeutic apheresis, patient blood superintendence, cellular therapy, obtaining stem cell samples, and coagulation. Transfusion Medicine has now risen as a unique practice that is not restricted to the blood banks but has arrived at the subject’s bedside. The specialist in Immunohematology and Transfusion Physician provides expert opinion for difficult transfusions, massive transfusions, incompatibility workup, therapeutic plasmapheresis, cellular therapy, irradiated blood therapy, washed blood products, platelet-rich plasma therapies, stem cell techniques, cord and HLA blood banking. Other research areas are in the field of stem cell studies, regenerative medicine and cellular therapy. The past few decades have seen accelerated technological progress which has altered the range and situation of transfusion medicine assistance. Transfusion medicine is a unique field in various regards: It connects both straightforward and complicated features of patient attention, it links a lot of the common practices in medical disciplines, and it is exercised in contexts as diverse as a neighbourhood blood facility and a hospital transfusion assistance.
At the end of the course, an aspirant will be capable of explaining the scientific background of blood transfusion and also learn the processes of blood collection, component preparation and processing. After the course scholars will be able to explain and diagnose the adverse effects of blood transfusion. The trainees undergo thorough instruction in operating large hospital-based transfusion assistance. The course is fitting to encourage the custom of autologous blood transfusion as well as also to include organizationally the functional units of diagnosis and treatment in blood and plasma output saving arrangements. Those aspirants who are prepared to have an education and practical education in all aspects of blood transfusion technology are a suitable fit for it. Course curriculum includes subjects such as the history of transfusion medicine, emergency medicine, management of blood donation and preparation of blood components, the scientific basis of transfusion, transfusion of blood components, haematology and oncology, general surgical support, blood substitutes, adverse effects of blood transfusion neonatology and paediatrics transfusion, therapeutic apheresis and phlebotomy, the function of regional blood service and hospital transfusion service and medico-legal consideration.
MD - Immunohaematology & Blood Transfusion is a 3-year full-time course for which applicants should have passed MBBS assessment with a mandatory 1- year internship/house-surgeoncy from a Medical Council of India recognised institution. Some of the premier institutes also conduct an entrance examination followed by counselling for admission. The main job designations for a skilled practitioner who completed MD-Immunohaematology & Blood Transfusion are, govt. healthcare services, hospitals, colleges & universities, military services and private clinics as blood bank technologist, clinical associate, laboratory auxiliary specialist, professor, medical officer etc.