MD - Emergency Medicine

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Emergency medicine is the branch of medical science that deals with ailments and illnesses that require emergency medical attention and care. .

Emergency medicine is the branch of medical science that deals with ailments and illnesses that require emergency medical attention and care. Their primary duty is to resuscitate and stabilize patients suffering from acute medical emergencies and investigate their condition. Their main aim is to resuscitate and stabilize the patients as quickly as possible and determine the next best step in their treatment. They also provide primary medical assistance to patients during non-working hours of certain medical departments. Emergency care rooms are the first point of contact with the hospital in the case of a medical emergency or medical crisis. Some of the most common emergencies that reach emergency care are toxicological emergencies like snake bites, drug overdose, poisoning, cardiac emergencies like heart attacks, arrhythmias, cardiac failure, neurological emergencies like strokes, seizures, respiratory emergencies like severe asthma, burns, surgical emergencies, accident emergency etc. Doctors practising emergency medicine use various testing and imaging methodologies to analyse different cases. They use physical examinations which might include checking for vital signs like pulse and blood pressure, blood tests, arterial blood gas (ABS), blood alcohol, and pregnancy tests, urinalysis, EKG, ECG, Imaging tests like x-rays, MRI, CT scans, and ultrasounds. Emergency medicine is a relatively new branch of medicinal studies compared to other medical disciplines as in older days, physicians and surgeons attended emergency cases. The emergency medicine course is a relatively new course and the demand for specialists in this field is still growing. Doctors who are skilled in this particular field have both medical and managerial dexterity. One should be trained to provide quality and impromptu care to the patients in proper time to save lives and must be able to do this in a cost-effective way. These attributes constitute a good doctor. In India, there is a huge demand for doctors in emergency medicine. Today’s health care scenario has a huge number of vacancies for specialists in emergency medicine so that for making quick response available to all patients in need. 

Doctor of Medicine (M.D) in Emergency Medicine is a clinical speciality post-graduation course. Emergency medicine gained recognition as an independent medical speciality from the Medical Council of India in July 2009. Various sub-specializations of emergency medicine are disaster medicine,critical care medicine, medical toxicology, sports medicine, point-of-care ultrasonography, aerospace medicine, hyperbaric medicine, palliative care, etc. The course is designed in such a way that the candidates can learn the required skill sets so that they can handle urgent medical issue in real-life situations. The main area of focus is the study of the immediate medical aid that must be provided to the patient according to their medical condition. The areas of study revolve around the resuscitation, stabilisation and medication of the cases where quick response is required like a heart attack or an accident. The curriculum includes general medicine, surgery and some surgical sub-specialities. The course gives a broad field of knowledge and advanced procedural skills in various fields like surgical procedures, trauma resuscitation, advanced cardiac life support and advanced airway management. It is a challenging and very personally rewarding profession. You can directly and quickly witness the beneficial results of your diagnosis and treatment on patients who have emergent medical conditions. You have the satisfaction of knowing you have made a big difference in the patients’ lives and their well-being. 

MD in Emergency Medicine is a three-year post-graduate program (two years in the case of candidates who have recognized Postgraduate Diploma in the same subject). Usually, emergency medicine physicians practise in hospital emergency wings, pre-hospital emergency medical services including ambulance services, sites where initial medical treatment of illness takes place, and in the intensive-care unit. There can work in international occupational health and safety and emergency services and in organisations like the Red-cross. The main occupational areas are defence service, nursing homes, medical writing, hospitals, etc. They can also work as a clinical research physician, clinical investigator, surgery coder, technology specialist, quality analyst, strategy manager etc.