Surgery is an ever evolving science and amidst recent developments in surgical procedures, minimal invasive surgery is making rapid significance. .
Surgery is an ever evolving science and amidst recent developments in surgical procedures, minimal invasive surgery is making rapid significance. This procedure is done by making small incisions instead of big incisions. The main benefits of making small incisions are less pain, less risk of infection, less scarring, reduced recovery time, and minimal blood loss. The opportunities for training in surgical procedure has increased over the last decades. Advanced robotic systems have enabled the specialists to perform less invasive and safer surgical procedures. There also exists the option of non-robotic minimally invasive surgery. These are known as endoscopic surgery or laparoscopic surgery. General surgery is also a subspecialty in surgery, primarily focusing on the abdominal disorders. General Surgeons are trained to specialize in any type of surgery, be it treatment of cancer or burns or gallbladder surgeries or treating aneurysm. Conventionally, general surgery is associated with preoperative, operative and post-operative conditions. Thus, the opportunities that are available in the field of surgery are unlimited.
M.Ch course in minimal access surgery and general surgery is aimed at broadening the knowledge of surgeons in a specialized stream. It is focused to train specialists in identifying and managing the right technique or procedure for the surgery. It is a thoroughly guided and supervised course. This requires the expertise of students in concepts like intensive care; neoplasia; physiology of hard, neck and endocrine; diagnostic laparoscopy; laparoscopic Appendectomy; arterial diseases; principles of diathermy; laparoscopic complications and others. The structure of the course is to provide both the knowledge of didactic lectures and the experience of practical projects. The training program will focus on frequently performed complex therapeutic procedures. These include laparoscopic instruments, robotic instrument, ultrasound interpretation, imaging techniques, biostatistics, use and danger of lasers, reconstructive surgery technique and many other scientific techniques. Thus the mode of teaching enables the students to get the essential mastery in understanding the basic principles and diagnosis as well as management of medical emergencies, along with administration of operative and post-operative conditions using highly advanced techniques and medical tests. The curriculum also ensures the participation of students in treatment planning sessions, logbook clinical audit, seminars, journal clubs, case conferences, viva, grand round presentations and practical exposure of first-hand knowledge and theories of teachings. It is expected that during the course the students will gain expertise in many aspects of general surgery and will be able to cater to the needs of the patient in alliance with the in compliance with professional ethical methods. Overall, the program develops the students for a highly qualified job through both intensive didactic lectures and clinical activity in all parts of general surgery.
The course can be taken by the candidates who have completed MD or DNB in General Surgery or equivalent from a recognized university in India. The course can take 3 years to get completed. A career in this field is very promising as one can seek employment in sectors like government hospitals, private clinics, research centres, medical universities and many more. The job roles offered are consultant, general surgeon, professor, general physician, researcher, and many others depending upon the interest of the student, he/she can even apply for higher studies.