Due to the tremendous amount of variation, in anatomy and underlying conditions, pediatric medicine is a medical field with a huge amount of scope..
Injuries, diseases, and surgeries are conditions that are incredibly strenuous to the human body, this would sometimes mean that there could be possible variations and defects in the neurological, cardiovascular, or other systems of the body. This results in the requirement for the body to learn again, the functions that were followed before the occurrence of these conditions. The steps, procedures, and methods that involve in the regaining of those functions are known as rehabilitative medicine. The study of the changes, functions, and diseases related to infants, children, or adolescents is known as pediatric medicine. This specialty of medicine can be surgical or nonsurgical. Due to the tremendous amount of variation, in anatomy and underlying conditions, pediatric medicine is a medical field with a huge amount of scope. Due to the absolute difference in the physiology of the patients in comparison to those of adults, a physician should keep in mind to take that into account, while diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions. It also impacts, the pharmacokinetic properties that different drugs that are prescribed for various diseases. Pediatric patients absorb, distribute, metabolize and eliminate medicine differently. Due to this there also is a possibility intense research that is required in this field of medicine to be conducted. Rehabilitation methods are entirely different in the case of infants, children, or adolescents, some functions are more easily revived than the rest and this study of this is what Pediatric Rehabilitation offers.
The course takes an in-hand approach to the study and practice of pediatric rehabilitation. Initially, the difference between habilitation a rehabilitation is established. Usually, for children, habilitation would refer to the acquirement of the necessary skills and functions that a child of that particular age must be able to perform. Rehabilitations is referred to the process of working that involves regaining those skills that were already established but have been lost due to the occurrence of trauma. This also means paving way for future skills and functions that the child needs to develop, thereby aspirants have to be those with the ability to hold a long-term vision in mind. The course needs to cover all aspects of possible diseases that children are prone to and study the treatments offered for those diseases and also the effects those treatments will have on patients functioning. The course tackles all these objectives by covering topics in all ranges. Initially, the student is familiarized with the formats and requires studying the history of patients and then performing examinations to understand the underlying conditions and defects. It then teaches about the psychological assessment in pediatric rehabilitation. The course also covers topics such as language development in disorders of communication and oral motor function, adaptive Sports and recreation, orthotic and assistive devices, electrodiagnosis in pediatrics, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injuries, neuromuscular diseases, orthopedics and Musculoskeletal Conditions and the psychosocial Aspects of Pediatric Rehabilitation.
The Doctor of Medicine (DM) - Pediatric Rehabilitation is a postgraduate course offered to students studying the underlying cause and changes for the process of rehabilitation in children, infants, and adolescents. The course requires aspirants applying to have the minimum eligibility criteria of medical certification from a recognized state or central board. Graduates have plenty of opportunities to work in this field of medicine, they can act as physicians in rehabilitation clinics, occupational therapists, or and pediatric sports technicians in the government of private health care facilities, hospitals, or professional sports teams.