Clinical haematology is a branch of medical science that is concerned with various blood-related diseases and disorders..
Clinical haematology is a branch of medical science that is concerned with various blood-related diseases and disorders. This involves the diagnosis of different blood cells, blood components and a hematopoietic system like blood marrow, spleen, lymph nodes etc. It is a clinical discipline that is dedicated to providing various sort of services be it outpatient clinic service, or laboratory tests service, or bone marrow transplantation, or inpatient care service. Clinical haematology proves to be effective in the treatment of diseases like chronic leukemia, lymphoma, thalassemia, various kinds of coagulation and platelets disorders. It is also crucial in the chemotherapy treatment regimen. Much notable research has been emerging in this field during recent times and the future scope looks very promising with recent developments like the introduction of the new drug in the treatment regimen of leukemia, the growing use of hydroxyurea in treating sickle cell anaemia, the growing importance of plasma in the treatment regimen of blood-related diseases and much more. India being in short of blood and with the rising in demand, one can estimate the importance of having expertise in the morphology of blood to take adequate advantage of limited resources.
DM in Clinical Haematology is a thoroughly guided and highly supervised course. The purpose of the course is to provide intensive didactic knowledge and first-hand practical experience of laboratory haematology training in this field of medicine. It is aimed at students wishing to pursue a career in the speciality of the Haematology medical system. The course is designed to prepare the students in all aspects of Haematology along with its allied subspecialties of the Genetic aspects of haematology, Hemostasis, transplantation immunology, haematology ecological, Trephine biopsy, consultation haematology, neonatal haematology, Techniques of leucodepletion, bone marrow aspiration, blood component preparation and clinical use, hemostasis, blood cells disorders, and many other subjects. With the growing number of complications in the cases, it has become important to specialize the learners in the essential principles of clinical haematology so that they can render their consultative assistance too. It is expected that during the course the students will gain mastery in many aspects of medical science and will be able to cater to the needs of the patient in alliance with the National Programme for blood safety and medico-legal aspects related to medicines. The curriculum is designed in such a manner that it demands participation in research work, seminars, journal clubs, case presentations and discussions, viva, grand round presentations and practical exposure of first-hand knowledge and theories of teachings. The curriculum also provides additional competency in clinical haematology through direct patient care, outpatient clinic, general laboratory haematology, training via thrombosis laboratory, radiotherapy, biochemistry, laboratory investigation of bleeding disorders, cytogenetics, along with the ability to communicate in a comprehensible means. Overall, the course prepares the students for a highly skilled job through both intensive didactic lectures and clinical training of around 9 months in all facets of Haematology.
The course can be taken by the candidates who completed MD in Medicine or Pathology or Pediatrics from a recognized university. The duration of the course spans 3 years. A career in this field is very promising as one can seek employment in sectors like government hospitals, private clinics, research centres, military hospitals, medical universities and many more. The job roles offered are clinical pathology consultant, blood donation center officer, medical advisor, researcher, specialist doctor, haematologist, and many others. And if one wants to enrich one’s understanding of this field, the option of further studies is always open.