The course aims at giving advanced insights into topics such as the theoretical as well as practical aspects of labour, infertility and vasectomy..
Obstetrics & Gynaecology, which is more often than not abbreviated as OB-GYN, is the medical specialisation that comprises two of the subspecialties of obstetrics which includes pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period, and gynaecology which covers the health of a female’s reproductive system which comprises the vagina, uterus, ovaries and breasts. Specialists in this faculty usually deal with healthy women who encounter unanticipated challenges which may present themselves, with the work more often than not involving a lot of hands-on intervention procedures. Gynaecology in particular deals with the health and well being of the female reproductive organs, while obstetrics has to do more with pregnant yet otherwise healthy women, who have acute or chronic ailments that may result in complications in the pregnancy itself. As a result of researches being conducted over the past decades, the field has seen great advancements in recent years, making this one of the most exciting fields of medicine to work in. As an ever-evolving field, extensive research at clinical, as well as molecular levels that enable better care and diagnosis for women, means an ever-present demand of OB-GYN professionals.
Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, often abbreviated interchangeably as DGO or DOG, focuses particularly on the study of surgical speciality methods which deal with female reproductive organs and related morbidities. The course aims at giving advanced insights into topics such as the theoretical as well as practical aspects of labour, infertility and vasectomy. It also covers topics such as but not limited to the Basics of Gynaecology, Fertility, Labour and Foetus Development, and the Diagnosis of the Reproductive System. In the duration of the course, various papers are covered, such as Maternal Physiology and Anatomy, Pharmacology, Gynaecology in Adolescence, Endoscopy in Gynaecology, Female Genetive Tract Nerve Supply, Oncology in Gynaecology, Surgical Theatre Training, Diseases of the Vulva and Hysterectomy among others. As a very hands-on specialisation as already mentioned, the programme will involve practical sessions in medical wards attending to in-house subjects. The programme may also require the student to carry out a research study based on the learnings from theoretical papers as well as practical knowledge gained from sessions with subjects and in assisting senior members of the faculty as they carry out OB-GYN duties.
DGO is a diploma course with a total expected course duration of 4 semesters spread over 2 years. As a post-graduate diploma course, candidates are required either to have a valid MBBS degree or a BAMS degree from institutes recognised by the National Medical Commission and Medical Council of India. Most institutes seek a minimum of 50% score in the final qualifying examination. In a purely merit-based admission process, candidates will also have to take a common entrance test recognised by the institute that offers the programme. On successful completion of the programme, attendees may get recruited to fitting roles in Medical institutions both in the public and private sector and also in institutions that seek the consultant services of a professional with knowledge of OB-GYN. Apart from typical surgical professions, professionals may also be hired as Family Planning Consultants, Lecturer for relevant MBBS or BAMS courses, and Infant Care Pediatrician among other roles.