It is a branch of surgery that studies the various procedures and techniques involved with the musculoskeletal system. .
The field of medicine that studies and treats diseases and conditions by the means of operative procedures is known are surgery. A procedure falls into the category of surgery when there involves the cutting of tissues or closure in earlier wounds on a patient. A surgical procedure usually requires a surgical team, a sterile environment, and the usage of anesthesia and antiseptic precautions. There are different methods of surgeries, including invasive and non-invasive procedures and even laser and radiosurgery. A surgical specialization usually involves the training of a candidate into the different aspects, and body parts that are involved (neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, cardiothoracic surgery) before they are finally involved in the study of a specific specialization. Orthopedic surgery is a branch of surgery that studies the various procedures and techniques involved with the musculoskeletal system. These surgeons use non-surgical and surgical methods to treat various conditions, including, trauma, sports injuries, spine diseases, tumors, infections, degenerative diseases. The course also deals with tremendous life-altering surgeries and research in the fields of prosthetic medicine and regenerative surgeries for those having dealt with trauma. Orthopedic surgeons also work closely with other specialties during their procedures to help with the realignment and regeneration of bones and especially in the case of cardiothoracic surgery in the rib cage. Recent research in the field, involves the study of ceramic treatment, AI in prosthetics, and the minimally invasive techniques for bone repairs and osteoporosis.
The course provides immense training for aspirants to follow certain techniques and protocols in the study and treatment of various conditions in a patient, most orthopedic surgeons are provided with skills such as the ability to take their right decisions at the right time in cases that offer high pressure and stress, it keeps the students upgraded and updated with latest developments in modern medical infrastructures, it also keeps the students aware of the various possible complications of a mismatched surgical procedure, it helps students imbibe various skills like patience, logical reasoning, concentration, etc. The course covers topics of serious importance and follows a residential procedure of study such as infections, tumors, congenital anomalies, peripheral nerve injuries, microsurgery, imaging orthopedics, other Non-traumatic disorders, operative orthopedics, surgical techniques and approaches, arthrodesis, practical works, close reduction of fractures, dislocations, mastering plastering techniques, debridement of open fractures, external fixator application. Orthopedic surgeons can also elect to perform further training in subspecialties such as hand and upper extremity, shoulder and elbow, total joint reconstruction, pediatric orthopedics, foot and ankle surgery, spine surgery, orthopedic oncologist, surgical sports medicine, orthopedic trauma, hip and knee surgery.
The Master of Surgery - Orthopedics is a specialization that is offered as a post-graduate degree for students with an aptitude for orthopedic surgery. The students applying are required to have a minimum qualification of certification of MBBS from a recognized state or central board of medicine. There are plenty of research opportunities and job scopes in this field of medicine that involve, working as an attending orthopedic surgeon in a hospital of recognized health care centers. They can also seek other professional possibilities such as working as a field surgeon for the military or as a sports surgeon for professional athletes and sporting teams.