Orthopaedics is a branch of study that deals with the conditions of the musculoskeletal system. It can be regarded as a branch of surgery..
Orthopaedics is a branch of study that deals with the conditions of the musculoskeletal system. It can be regarded as a branch of surgery. Surgeons specialised in orthopaedics can use surgical as well as non-surgical means to treat many conditions such as infections, tumours, spine diseases, sports injuries, congenital disorders, etc. Modern orthopaedics has evolved a lot after its significant developments during the middle ages especially during wartime as the battlefields created a demand for a specialised study involving treating injuries. Some common procedures performed by orthopaedic surgeons include knee replacement, hip replacement, laminectomy, support implant removal, ankle fracture repairing, etc. Two important techniques used in orthopaedics are arthroscopy and arthroplasty. The use of arthroscopic techniques is pivotal for injured patients. The development of arthroscopic techniques have enables patients to recover faster when compared with the time taken by patients who were subjected to conventional surgical methods. Arthroplasty is a type of surgery in which the articular surface (involving joints) is replaced, remoulded or again aligned using osteotomy (cutting of bone) or using some other procedure.
A diploma in orthopaedics is for MBBS graduates who wish to specialise in problems pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. The course is designed to impart knowledge on the treatment techniques given to bones, limbs, muscles etc. It enables the students to interpret MRI images and X-ray for diagnosis. The course ensures that practical exposure is given to the students in addition to theoretical knowledge. The role of orthopaedic surgeons are not just restricted to surgery alone, they may also use other treatment methods such as medical methods, rehabilitative as well as physical methods. The surgeries involve the restoration of the function of an injured bone. Some important subjects that one learn in the first year of study include anatomy, biomechanics, general mechanical skills and general health education. During the second year, one gets to learn pathology, mechanical operations, clinical practice and functional anatomy to name a few.
The basic eligibility required to enrol for a diploma in orthopaedics is that one should have completed MBBS from an institute recognised by the medical council of India (MCI). Another additional requirement required by many institutes is that the candidate should have completed an internship after their undergraduate study and before the commencement of the diploma course. The admission to different institutes are on the basis of merit based on the candidate’s performance in National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) The duration of the course is generally 2 years, but there are also institutes where the duration is 1 year. Candidates who complete the course may choose to work in different roles such as orthopaedics surgeon, medical officer or physiotherapist. Specialists in orthopaedics are always in high demand since every person may have bone-related problems after a certain age. The average salary of an orthopaedic surgeon in India is around Rs 14.5 lakh per annum. Even after completing the diploma, there is also scope for the candidate to delve into the field further by opting for postgraduation or PhD.