The field of medicine that involves the study of the conditions are processes that are involved during pregnancy is known as obstetrics. .
The field of medicine that involves the study of the conditions are processes that are involved during pregnancy is known as obstetrics. It is usually worked in correlation with gynaecology as well, which would also involve the study of surgical procedures and processes. Obstetrics involves understanding the situations and conditions of the child by employing physical exams, laboratory tests, and scans. The first trimester involves tests to rule out diseases of sorts and would include tests like genetic screening for Down syndrome and Edwards syndrome, the AFP-quad screen, etc. The second trimester involves performing the ultrasound either abdominal or transvaginal to observe and assess all relevant organs such as the cervix, placenta, fluid, and even the baby. Gynaecology is the study of the conditions and organs related to and the treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system. The disciple is involved in the treatment of disease and conditions such as cancerous and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs including, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, ovaries, vulva, and cervix. The incontinence of urine. Conditions such as amenorrhoea (absent menstrual periods), dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods), and even menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods); a common indication for hysterectomy. It is also involved in the study of infertility and the procedures for infertility treatments. Recent advancements in the field of obstetrics and gynecology involve the study of Screening and prevention of pre-eclampsia, fetal monitoring during labor, pregnancy after assisted reproductive techniques, substance abuse during pregnancy, the future of cervical screening, management of abnormal cervical cytology results during COVID-19 pandemic, preventing ovarian cancer in high-risk women.
The course usually follows a hands-on approach and understands the importance of the studying of all the different underlying conditions and the organs and the treatments discovered for them yet. The course initially covers topics such as basic sciences that are following Obstetrics & Gynecology, obstetrics including diseases of neonates, principles, and practice of gynaecology and gynecological pathology, recent advances in obstetrics, and gynecology. It then takes up the important course required such as structure and function of the genome, clinical genetics, embryology, fetal and placental physiology, applied anatomy, pathology, microbiology and virology, biochemistry, bio physiology, endocrinology, drugs, and drug therapy, radioactivity, and X-rays, statistics and evidence-based healthcare. It the studies, obstetrics, and neonatology by focusing on topics such as prenatal care, pre conceptional counselling and prenatal care, nutrition during pregnancy, drugs and environmental, obstetric ultrasound: imaging, dating, growth, and anomaly, identification and management of early pregnancy complications like abortion, recurrent pregnancy loss, cervical incompetence, ectopic pregnancy, bad obstetric history, and other miscellaneous conditions, etc.
The Doctor of Medicine or Master of Surgery - Obstetrics, and Gynecology is a postgraduation, medical specialization that can be taken up for the sole study of the treatment and care of female reproductive health and pregnancy. Candidates applying for these courses are required to have a minimum qualification of an MBBS certification from a recognized state or central medical board. There are plenty of career opportunities that can be followed in this field of medicine, that include, working as an attending obstetrician and gynecological physician or surgeon in major healthcare centers or hospitals. There is also the possibility of taking up the career as an OB/GYN in and centerless where there is less access to medical facilities and hence would require tremendous support.